Inside Long Island

Long Island RegionLong Island is located at the southern tip of New York State, just east of New York City. It stretches approximately 120 miles east and is surrounded by the Long Island Sound and the Atlantic Ocean.

The region is comprised of Nassau and Suffolk counties and is known for its high quality of life as well as its geographical and industrial diversity. Suffolk County has redeveloped North Fork potato fields into a burgeoning wine region. The South Fork is known for beach towns, including the world-renowned Hamptons, and for Montauk Point, home of Montauk Point Lighthouse at the eastern tip of the island.

The Long Island Region is a magnet for commerce and industry. It is a world leader in technology development. Its close proximity to New York City and its access to national and international markets also make it ideal for service and manufacturing industries.




General Overview
Area – 1,202.96 square miles
Population (2009) – 2,875,904
By county:
    Nassau: 1,357,429
    Suffolk: 1,518,475

2009 Labor Force:1,492,800
2009 Per capita personal income: $37,639


Market Access
The Long Island Expressway (I-495), Southern State and Northern State parkways as well as numerous north south highways provide access for commercial and industrial transport from airports and the Port Authority of NY-NJ. Two ferry companies provide hourly connection between Long Island and New England for passenger and commercial vehicles. 

Air Service
Long Island is served by two regional airports: Islip-MacArthur and Republic (general aviation) as well as by two international airports, JFK and LaGuardia. 

Rail Service
The Long Island Railroad provides passenger and freight service east west throughout the region and to New York City.

Bus Service
Numerous public and private entities operate extensive bus service throughout Long Island, to New York City, and long distance.


Long Island has an extraordinary network of hospitals that is known worldwide. Among the most notable are:
North Shore-Long Island Jewish Health System
St. Francis Hospital
Stony Brook University Hospital
Winthrop University Hospital
Nassau County Medical Center


Principal Industries
Medical imaging and health care systems
Computer technology
Financial services
Food processing
Agriculture, including wine making and commercial fish harvesting


Colleges and Universities
Key employers in the region often cite a well-educated and productive workforce as the main reason for remaining and growing on Long Island. In 2009, Newsweek Magazine’s top 100 high schools in the nation included seven on Long Island. Higher education choices are abundant; 16 four-year and six two-year institutions offer a plethora of degrees and technical programs.

One of these intuitions, the State University of New York at Stony Brook, has achieved its highest ranking to date among universities worldwide. The ranking, published in the 2008 edition of the "Top 200 World Universities” puts Stony Brook in the top 100 in Natural Sciences and Arts and Humanities. SUNY at Stony Brook is home to:
Center of Excellence in Wireless Information Technology, (CEWIT)
Center for Biotechnology, a Strategically Targeted Academic Research Center (STAR) in Bio-molecular Diagnostics and Therapeutics
Advanced Energy Research and Technology Center (AERTEC)
Long Island High Technology Incubator
Strategic Partnership for Industrial Resurgence (SPIR)
Center for Sensor Technology

These centers maintain close linkages to Long Island’s industry clusters and provide research and development resources and advanced training opportunities fostering growth and ingenuity.

Other higher education choices include:
Dowling College
Hofstra University
Long Island University
New York Institute of Technology
SUNY Farmingdale
SUNY Old Westbury


Local Utilities
Suffolk County Water Authority (SCWA)
Long Island Power Authority (LIPA)
Long Island American Water
National Grid


Top Long Island employers by employment
Arrow Electronics
Brookhaven National Laboratory
Computer Associates International


Top five publicly held companies by revenue
Computer Associates International
Kimco Realty
NY Community Bancorp
Henry Schein


Fortune 500 Companies
Arrow Electronics
Henry Schein


Top Long Island companies ranked by revenue
Arrow Electronics
Henry Schein
Computer Associates International